Backward Finesse - A finesse tactic played in the opposite direction
of the natural procedure. The backward finesse may be beneficial when
anticipating the other opponent is holding certain honors, or when playing
"against the field" (shooting) by risking a low-odds play, seeking to boost
the standing of the pair. See
- This variation of the squeeze play is based on a trump squeeze where both
menace cards are in the same hand, with the opponent seated behind the
menaces holding two guards leads a trump. Aptly named, the opponent is
squeezed in the backwash since the declarer squeeze takes a ruff with the hand holding the menaces. A
variation is the Seres Squeeze, where one of the squeezed suits is trump. See
Also see Coups,
Morton Fork Coup, and books on
As provided by the
Laws, prohibiting a player
from bidding due to an infraction, such as bidding out of turn, doubling
partner, exposing an honor card, etc.
Action in violation of obligation to pass - Law
Adjusted score for damage resulting from - Law
Affecting right to review auction - Law
After bid out of rotation - Law
After double out of rotation - Law
After exposed card - Law
After irregularity - Law
After pass out of rotation - Law
After redouble out of rotation - Law
Condonation of action in violation of obligation to pass - Law
To ethically refraining
from making a call, due to unauthorized information provided by partner,
such as a hesitation implying values
Barometer - A tournament format where all
pairs play the same cards simultaneously (at different tables). In a
Barometer game the boards do not move from table to table after each round. All pairs play the same
boards (identical cards) at the same time throughout the event. To
accomplish this, the director and staff must pre-duplicate many sets of boards prior to the game. Quite often
each table will have its own set of boards. Alternatively, two or three
tables may be share one set of boards to reduce the number of boards
duplicated. Each set of boards is removed from play
after one round. As a result, all scores for a given set of
boards are available as soon as the round is over. The director retrieves
the score tickets and enters them immediately. This process allows the scores
to be posted for inspection by the players after each round so each pair knows
their current standing after each round. Any given pairís fortunes will rise and fall
as the game goes on - hence the name Barometer.
Barrier Bid (Reverse) - While partnership
agreements vary, a widely accepted meaning of the barrier bid (reverse)
refers to a player's rebid of a higher ranking suit than their
bid at the prior bidding level. See Details
Barry Crane Top 500 - An ACBL award recognizing the top 500 Bridge
players that have accumulated the most Masterpoints in a calendar year. The
trophy was named after Barry Crane in remembrance of his extraordinary
Bathe Coup - A tactic of playing a low card from holdings
including Ace and Jack when the Left Hand Opponent lead from
King, Queen and
other cards in a given suit. Thus, if the Left Hand Opponent leads a second card,
declarer will take 2 subsequent tricks assuming Right Hand Opponent does not
ruff the suit. See Details
Beaver - A redouble, originating from Backgammon (also see Recharge, Rewind). A "SOS"
Beaver is a Redouble for Takeout. A redouble for penalty
Doubt Beaver - When the
side bids a questionable contract, as
3 Notrump doubled. A Redouble asks partner to consider bidding an alternative suit, as a minor, unless partner is confident of making
Bluff Beaver - Playing Matchpoints, a
redouble of opponent's contract for penalty, with anticipation of doubling opponent who shifts back to
In-Turn Beaver - A penalty
redouble invoked where the side has a high degree of confidence in
making the contract
Out-Turn Beaver - A mixture
of the In-Turn and Bluff Redouble. The Out-Turn Redouble is a gamble used when the
side is not certain of making the contract with hopes the opponents' will run to a poor
- A true tragedy which occurred in 1931; John S. Bennett was shot to death
by his wife during a bitter argument over a hand at the Bridge table. While
she was tried for murder, the Jury acquitted her.
See the famous hand
- A trophy given at the premiere World Team Bridge Championship. The
biennial contest is held on odd numbered years. On leap years, the Team
Olympiad is hosted and the World Bridge Championship is played on the other
even numbered years.
Bowl Incident - In the 1975 Bermuda Bowl, newspaper correspondent Bruce Keidan observed
Italian team partners Gianfranco Facchini and Sergio Zucchelli were
using foot signals to communicate under the table during bidding and before
opening leads. See
Better Bridge - A
premiere Bridge company for beginner, novice, and intermediate players,
produced by Audrey Grant and David Lindop. Better Bridge offers the
Judgment book series, Better Bridge articles in the ACBL monthly Bulletin,
and a host of seminars at tournaments, resorts, and cruise ships. See
Bid - A commitment to take the certain number of tricks above six,
in the specified strain (trump suit or Notrump). Thus, a commitment to
take nine tricks would be 9 - 6, or a bid of 3 in the strain (Notrump,
Spades, Hearts, Diamonds or Clubs). Technically, calls consist
of any bid including the pass, double,
or redouble. However, the opposite is not true - pass, double,
or redouble calls are not bids.
After final pass - See Law
Distinguished from other calls - See Law
Form of - See Law
Insufficient - See Law
Of more than seven - See Law
Out of rotation - See Law
Proper form - See Law
Sufficiency - See Law
When pass was required - See Law
- Systems using the 1 Club System include: Bangkok Club,
Italian Blue Club,
Canary Club, Carrot Club, French Club, Little Roman, Marmic, Orange Club,
Precision, Relay, Roman, Roth Club, Simplified Club, Trefle Squeeze,
Vanderbilt, Vienna. See
Big Diamond - A method similar to the Big Club system, 1D
unbalanced hand with at least 17 High Card Points. However, here an opening
of 1C shows 14-16 points but not balanced (e.g., 1 Notrump).
Big Top - The colloquial term referring to the maximum matchpoint score on a board when multiple
sections are scored as one unit (factored). While a matchpoint top in
one section may be a score of about 14,, "big tops" may be as high as 28.
Biritch - Also known as Russian Whist, Biritch comes from the term
"an announcer" (players "announce or herald" their auction). Books on
Whist date back to the mid-1700's. The first book was written by none
other than Edmond Hoyle, titled Short Treatise.
Black Points -
Pertaining to ACBL masterpoints awarded, typically given to the top 40
percent of players in Club or Unit games. In addition to Black,
Silver, and Gold points, the ACBL requires an achievement of 200 Black Points to become a Life Master.
These points are awarded for success in sanctioned club games and unit
games. There are some special events (usually conducted at clubs) that award
points where some portion of the award will be in black points and the
remainder will be in another color.
BLML - The Bridge Laws Mailing List is a subscription-based list
server dedicated to managing EMAIL correspondence between Bridge Directors.
Bridge Directors subscribe to EMAIL correspondence sent to the list server.
- A finesse which may be profitable through tricking an opponent. For
instance when North/South are in a trump contract and playing a side-suit,
West might erroneously duck the best play of going up with the King when the
Queen is led (bluffing West into believing North/South is holding the Jack). See
A reference to the Dummy's
cards displayed on the table. See
The holder used to keep the
cards separated in duplicate Bridge, facilitating replay by others.
Cancellation - See Law
Cards in - See Law
Control - See Law
Dealer rotation - See Law
Duplication - See Law
Fouled - See Law
Late play - See Law
Misplacement of cards in - See Law
Movement - See Law
Placement - See Law
Play of wrong board - See Law
Redeal - See Law
Removal of cards from - See Law
Substitute - See Law
Vulnerability rotation - See Law
Wrong board played - See Law
- The abbreviation for "Bottom Of Something, Top
Of Nothing", referring to partnership lead agreements.
Thus, a lead of a low card promises partner a useful honor in the suit led
(Bottom of Something". The lead of a high or middle card warns partner
the leader cannot provide help in the suit lead (Top Of Nothing), asking
partner to consider switching to another suit. See
Something - The lead of a low spot card to signal one's partner that the
leader holds an honors in the led suit. Thus, the partner is given
notice to return the led suit. Conversely, leading "Top of Nothing"
indicates no encouragement for the led suit. See
Bridge - A card game for four players, with two partnerships
playing opposite one another. Each player is dealt 13 cards, each
having the opportunity to make progressively higher suit bids until three
players finally pass. In the second phase of Bridge, the cards are
played rotationally. After each player contributes one card to a
trick, the winner receives credit and chooses the best play for the
next trick. When all 13 cards have been played, the competitors count
the total tricks won by each side and assess whether they made their
committed bid. Common forms of scoring include: Rubber/Contract Bridge
and, Chicago/Duplicate. See
History of Bridge.
Bridge Bulletin - The ACBL's monthly magazine, featuring columns
on bidding and play for all levels of players, with information of upcoming
tournaments and results of past tourneys, Bridge books and software reviews,
and listings highlighting achievement.
Bridge Service Providers - Online Internet-based companies that
enables players to access their Bridge gaming server to compete with other
Bridge player on a worldwide basis via the world-wide web. See
Bridge Notation - A graphical layout showing an overhead view of the cards
each player holds. Players are referred to by their compass orientation;
clockwise from the top, the players are: North, East, South, West. See
Silver Life Master: Replace "A Life Master with 1000"
with "A Life Master with (a) over 1000 masterpoints, including (b) no
fewer than a combination of 200 silver, red, gold, or platinum points"
Silver Life Master
Gold Life Master: Replace "A Life Master with 2500" with
"A Life Master with (a) over 2500 masterpoints including (b) no fewer
than a combination of 500 silver, red, gold, or platinum points"
Gold Life Master
Diamond Life Master: Replace "A Life Master with 5000"
with "A Life Master with (a) over 5000 masterpoints, including (b) no
fewer than a combination of 250 gold or platinum points and (c) no fewer
than a combination of 1000 silver, red, gold or platinum points."
Diamond Life Master
Emerald Life Master: Replace "A Life Master with 7500" with "A Life
Master with (a) over 7500 masterpoints, including (b) no fewer than a
combination of 500 gold or platinum points and (c) no fewer than a
combination of 1500 silver, red, gold or platinum points."
Buenos Aires Affair - A scandal involving cheating charges against
the team representing Great Britain brought on by the United States Team.
According to testimony, a member of the British team (Terrance Reese and
Boris Schapiro) were
witnessed holding his cards with a different number of fingers which
indicated to his partner the number of Hearts held. See
Bump Mitchell - In Duplicate events, a modification of the Mitchell
movement to accommodate an extra pair (half table). The Director sets up the
game as though no half table or extra pairs exist. The extra pair is
assigned a number one more than the highest pair, and sits out the first
round. On the second round, the highest numbered team replaces the
North-South players at Table 1 (for the rest of the Session), who sits out
the second round. On the third round, the #1 pair "bump" the players
at Table #2, etc.