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Encyclopedia  of Bridge Terms
A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Duplicate     Bidding     General     Play     Conventions     Jargon     Rubber
 

 

General

Jack - The fourth highest-ranking card (four Jacks are in the deck), occasionally referred to as the Knave. See Example
 

Play

Jack Denies - See Conventions
 

Bidding

Jacoby Transfers - See Conventions
 

Bidding

Jacoby 2 Notrump - See Conventions
 

Jargon

Jackal, Jackson, Jake - The colloquial term referring to the J (Jack).  See Card Names
 

Jargon

Jam - To make a preemptive bid.
 

Jargon

Jettison - To discard a top honor in order to guard another suit.
 


General

John Bennett - A true tragedy which occurred in 1931; John S. Bennett was shot to death by his wife during a bitter argument over a hand at the Bridge table. While she was tried for murder, the Jury acquitted her.  See the famous hand
 

Jargon Johnny - The colloquial term referring to the Jack.  See Card Names
Bidding

Jordan 2 Notrump - See Conventions
 

Bidding

Josephine - See Conventions
 

Bidding

Journalist Leads - See Conventions
 

Jargon

Judas Maccabee - Jack of Clubs, referring to the J, who led the Jewish rebellion against Syria (some prefer Lancelot).  See History of Cards and Card Names
 


Jargon

Judith - Queen of Hearts, referring to the Q, is believed to refer to the wife of Louis I, or perhaps a reference to Isabelle, wife of Charles VI.  Others feel Judith simply refers to the Judith described in Apocrypha that slew General Holofernes and his invading Army.  See History of Cards and Card Names
 

Jargon

Julius Caesar - King of Diamonds, referring to the K, the Dictator of Rome (his robe displays Roman eagle)  See History of Cards and Card Names
 

Bidding

Jump Bid - A skip bid raise in partner's suit, which may or may not convey invitational values, depending on the agreements by the partners. Example: 1S - 3S
 


Bidding

Jump Cuebid - A skip bid in opponent's suit, conveying a special meaning such as a splinter bid or a Western Cuebid.
Example: (1C) - 1H  - (P) - 3C;
 

Bidding

Jump Overcall - An overcall of opponent's suit at a higher level than necessary. For many competitive duplicate players, jump overcalls are preemptive.  Example: (1H) - 2S.  See Conventions
 


Bidding

Jump Preference - A skip bid raise in partner's suit, showing a strong preference to the jump suit. Example:

1H - 1S;
2C - 3H

 

Bidding

Jump Raise - A skip bid raise in partner's suit which may or may not convey invitational values, depending on the agreements by the partners. Example: 1S - 3S
 

Bidding

Jump Rebid - A skip bid in player's original suit, typically showing invitational values. Example: 1C - 1S; 3C
 

 

 

 

Bidding

Jump Shift -

1.

Responder: A skip bid response in a new suit. Example: 1D - 2S
Note: partners should discuss Jump Shift bids since the two popular methods  have opposite meanings (Strong Jump Shifts show 17-19 points, Weak Jump Shifts show less than 6 points).  Further, some partner's play Strong Jump Shifts with a major suit call but not a minor suit call.

2.

Opener: A skip bid response in a new suit. Example: 1H - 1S; 3C
Opener's Jump Shift (Strong Jump Shift) typically show 19-22 points, thus game forcing when responder freebid shows 6+ points.  See Details

 

Duplicate

Junior - A Bridge player that is under 26 years of age.
 


Duplicate

Junior Pairs - Both members of all pairs must be under 26 years of age in order to compete in the ACBL Junior Pairs. It is run along the lines of an Open Pairs.
 

 

Duplicate

Junior Bridge Program - ACBLís Junior Bridge Program provides playing and social activities for players under the age of 26 and is designed to develop a corps of dedicated younger players. One of the goals of the program is to produce Juniors with the skills to sustain ACBLís position in the future as a world bridge power.
 

 

Duplicate

Junior Master - ACBLís Junior Bridge Program provides playing and social activities for players under the age of 26 and is designed to develop a corps of dedicated younger players. One of the goals of the program is to produce Juniors with the skills to sustain ACBLís position in the future as a world bridge power.
 

 

Duplicate

Junior Team Trials - The Junior Team Trials is the ACBLís method of selection of teams for the biennial World Junior Bridge Team Championship, inaugurated by the World Bridge Federation in 1987. The trials to select U.S. representatives is currently held in conjunction with the summer NABCs.
 

 


Duplicate

Junior King Or Queen Of Bridge - This honorary title is awarded to a Junior Corp member who is a graduating high school senior. Cited for outstanding tournament performance, this Junior player is someone who has excelled also in bridge-related administrative, recreational and promotional activities. The ACBL Educational Foundation, funded by a grant from the Homer Shoop/International Palace of Sports, presents a $1000 scholarship to the annual winner.
 

Jargon

Junk - A colloquial term referring to poor cards or a hand without useful values.  See Card Names
 

 

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