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BridgeHands Copyright Acknowledgement


Copyright Limitations        Limited Use         Acknowledgements        Free Use of Links    Creative Common License

Copyright Limitations:

According to the laws of the United States (Title 17, U.S. Code), copyright provides protection to the authors of "original works of authorship intellectual works". This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. Section 106 of the 1976 Copyright Act generally gives the owner of copyright the exclusive right to do and to authorize others to do the following:

Make copies or otherwise reproduce content
Create derivative works based on content
Distribute copies of content
Publicly share content
Display content publicly

It is illegal for anyone to violate any of the rights provided by the copyright law to the owner of copyright. These rights, however, are not unlimited in scope.  One limitation is the doctrine of "fair use," which is given a statutory basis.  Also, the limitations take the form of a "compulsory license" under which certain limited uses of copyrighted works are permitted upon payment of specified royalties and compliance with statutory conditions.

Any or all of the BridgeHands exclusive rights or any subdivision of those rights may be transferred, but the transfer of exclusive rights is not valid unless that transfer is in writing and signed by the owner of the rights conveyed or such owner's duly authorized agent. Transfer of a right on a nonexclusive basis does not require a written agreement.

BridgeHands pages are copyright protected . You may not electronically reproduce them without our written permission except under limited use discussed below.

Uniform Resource Links are by design and common use within the public domain. However, these pages constitute a private list and collectively reflect our unique pattern of selecting, sorting, filtering, editing, annotating, testing and listing of our electronic card catalog of universal resource locators.  See Free Use of Links

BridgeHands copyright includes but is not limited to HTML code, website architectural design including organization and indexes, and underlying content.

Limited Use:

You are not permitted to make printed or electronic copies of BridgeHands copyrighted materials nor redistribute them to third parties in any form without written permission except as follows:

I. Individual Bridge players may print a personal copy of BridgeHands copyrighted web pages for their own personal use, provided BridgeHands original copyright marks are clearly visible.

II. Private Bridge teachers may print up to 30 BridgeHands  copyrighted web pages in a 30 day period and make 1 copy for each registered student in their personal class, limited to 30 student copies.  All copies must include BridgeHands original copyright marks and remain clearly visible.

III. Bridge businesses, authors, and playing professionals may photocopy, extract like or different media form up to 5 BridgeHands  copyrighted web pages.  All reproductions must include BridgeHands original copyright marks which are clearly visible.

Parties with needs beyond the Limited Use restrictions must contact BridgeHands with their specific needs on a contractual basis.


In limited situations, BridgeHands content was created from other public sources which may or may not be Copyrighted.   In situations where the original content was Copyrighted (Laws by the American Contract Bridge League) and written agreement was granted for BridgeHands to use said content, BridgeHands web pages prominently acknowledges the originator's rights, copyright marks, address and website URL.

In cases where the originator has not Copyrighted the original source and BridgeHands extracts content at its website and web pages, BridgeHands has acknowledged the source and website URL.   We especially thank the BridgeGuys for their generous contributions to the Bridge community and allowing us to re-publish their content on ACOL System Notes and the Multi-Two convention.

BridgeHands is grateful to these sources to include at our website.  It is not our intent to receive monetary compensation for content created from other public sources.

Free Use of Links:

Except for businesses in direct competition with BridgeHands,  Bridge-related individuals and businesses are encouraged to share BridgeHands URL (Uniform Resource Locator) hyperlinks to all public (non-subscription) content at our site.  

Your hyperlinks may be in any format convenient for you or your company, provided the original BridgeHands content and copyright notices viewed by you or your customers are maintained in the original format.   It is solely your discretion the method you choose to send users to our site (redirection, open a new browser window, etc).  However, you may not make an exact or near like-for-like site index of our entire site with the sole purpose to constrain your users internal to your website or other electronic software methods.   Contact BridgeHands if you have any questions or suggestions for mutually beneficial agreements.  Our intention is to support the Bridge community from a fair and reasonable business perspective.

Creative Common License:

BridgeHands interviews are protected by the following Creative Commons License.

Attribution, Non-commercial, No Derivative Works
Please see Creative Commons Legal Code for more details

Attribution. You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor..


Noncommercial. You may not use this work for commercial purposes.


No Derivative Works. You may not alter, transform, or build upon this work.


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