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ACBL Handbook: Units
Chapter 5

This document is provided courtesy of the
American Contract Bridge League

2990 Airways Blvd. S Memphis TN 381163847
9013325586
S Fax 9013987754

  NOTE: to view the latest revision of the handbook go to ACBL
TABLE OF CONTENTS FOR CHAPTER 5 OF THE HANDBOOK  JANUARY 2000
INDEX FOR HANDBOOK CHAPTER 5  JANUARY 2000

     CHAPTER.5                     SPECIAL UNIT GAMES

 

     SECTION ONE: UNIT CHAMPIONSHIPS . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.1

     I.   SCHEDULING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.1

          A. Type of Events. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.1

          B. Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.1

          C. Conflicts with Higher-Rated Championships . . CHAPTER.5 pg.1

          D. Game Sites. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.2

     II.  SANCTION APPLICATION AND FEES. . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.2

     III. DELEGATION OF SESSIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.2

     IV.  STAFFING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.2

     V.   SCORING. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.2

     VI.  MASTERPOINT AWARDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.2&3

     VII. SYSTEMS AND CONVENTIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.3

     VIII.PRIZES AND TROPHIES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.3

 

     SECTION TWO: UNIT CHARITY GAMES . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.3

     I.   TYPES OF EVENTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.3

     II.  BENEFICIARIES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.3

     III. SANCTION APPLICATIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.3

     IV.  CHARITABLE DONATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.3&4

 

     SECTION THREE: ANNUAL EXTENDED TEAM GAMES . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.4

     I.   MASTERPOINT AWARDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.4

     II.  SANCTION APPLICATION AND FEES. . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.5

     III. CONDITIONS OF CONTEST. . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.5

 

     SECTION FOUR: UNIT-WIDE CHAMPIONSHIPS . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.5

     I.   NUMBER OF ALLOCATED CHAMPIONSHIPS. . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.5

     II.  SANCTION APPLICATIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.5

     III. UNIT-WIDE CHAMPIONSHIP PLANNING AND COORDINATION

     IV.  REPORTS AND SANCTION FEES. . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.5

     V.   COMPUTER-DEALT HANDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.5

     VI.  MASTERPOINT AWARDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.5

     VII. TECHNICAL REGULATIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.5

 

     SECTION FIVE: ACBL-WIDE EVENTS. . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.6

     I.   TYPES OF GAMES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.6

          A. International Fund Games. . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.6

          B. Charity Games . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.6

          C. Special Games . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.6

     II.  SANCTIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.6&7

          A. Game Conducted By the Unit. . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.7

          B. Joint Sponsorship By Two or More Clubs. . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.7

     III. GAME REGULATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.7

          A. Game Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.7

             Hand record security; Hand analyses

          B. Director. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.7

          C. Number of Tables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.7

          D. Half Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.7

          E. Donations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.7

          F. Novice Sections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.8

          G. Invitational Sections . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.8

          H. Masterpoint Awards. . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.8

     IV.  NON-PARTICIPATING CLUBS. . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.5 pg.8


      CHAPTER.5 (Rev.02/00)                             CHAPTER.5 (PAGE 1)

                                                       __________________

     SPECIAL UNIT GAMES

     In order to furnish ACBL members with a continuous program of

     interesting, competitive bridge events, ACBL has provided each unit

     with a variety of bridge activities for single or multiple sites.

 

     SECTION ONE: UNIT CHAMPIONSHIPS

     ACBL has allocated 16 unit championship sessions per year to each

     unit.  Units may schedule these sessions at their discretion.  Units

     prepare bridge competitions that are suitable for their membership

     size and for the size and location availability of their playing

     areas.

 

     Clubs that conform with ACBL regulations, have proved reliable in

     submitting Monthly Report Forms and fees, and have an adequate number

     of tables may participate in these unit championships.  Clubs not

     sanctioned to meet at the times of unit events may be allowed to

     participate in these events with unit approval.

 

     I.  SCHEDULING

      A. TYPES OF EVENTS

      Because of the wide variation in unit membership size and the size

      and locations of playing sites, ACBL permits considerable latitude in

      scheduling unit championship sessions.  For example, a unit could

      hold a one-session unit championship each month, thus utilizing 12 of

      its 16 sessions.  To use the remaining four sessions, the unit could

      hold a two session game, such as an election party or a new members

      party, twice a year.  Units also could schedule their unit

      championship allocation as four-session unit championships each

      calendar quarter.  The various events may consist of any schedule of

      games that might appeal to the unit membership.  For example, the

      events could be mixed pairs, master pairs, open pairs, or Swiss

      teams.

 

      B. FREQUENCY

      Any schedule that does not interfere with higher-rated championships

      scheduled nearby is acceptable.  However, in order to offer a

      well-rounded annual schedule, ACBL recommends that the events be

      spread throughout the year.

 

      C. CONFLICTS WITH HIGHER-RATED CHAMPIONSHIPS

      Regional and sectional tournaments have priority for weekend dates.

      Therefore, if there is a schedule conflict with a tournament being

      held in the same or an adjacent unit area, the date of the unit

      championship must be changed.  In areas where many sectionals are

      held, units often can avoid schedule conflicts by holding unit

      championships on week nights in cooperation with regularly scheduled

      club games.

 

      As soon as the regular tournament schedule is complete, unit

      officials should prepare a schedule of unit championships.  Units

      should schedule these events early to help affected clubs avoid time

      conflicts when preparing their schedules.


 

 

                                                       CHAPTER.5 (PAGE 2)

                                                       __________________

      D. GAME SITES

      A unit may elect to hold its unit championships in one central

      location.  This highlights the fact that the games are unit

      activities.  It also gives the unit and its board of directors an

      identity insofar as newer members are concerned.

 

      Alternatively, a unit may schedule one or more unit championship

      sessions to be played simultaneously in several different unit

      locations, with each game site scoring as a separate event.  There is

      no unit-wide overall masterpoint award, but the entire game counts as

      only a single session of the unit's allocation.  This is called a

      "split" unit championship.

 

     II. SANCTION APPLICATION AND FEES

     The unit must complete and submit Form No. 505 U/SE, which is the

     application for ACBL sanction of a unit championship, to ACBL at least

     30 days in advance of the event.

 

     On completion of the tournament, the unit must remit sanction fees

     with the Unit Championship Tournament Report.  To meet the minimum

     requirement the unit may add together fees from two concurrent sites

     of a split local.

 

     III. DELEGATION OF SESSIONS

     In some cases, cost or location considerations may make it necessary

     or advantageous for a unit to delegate some or all of its allocated

     unit championships to individual clubs or groups of clubs.  A large

     unit, for example, which may include playing areas that are remote

     from the main concentration of its members, may allocate one or more

     of its championship sessions to various clubs throughout the unit that

     wish to participate.  The unit would obtain the sanction in this case,

     but the clubs would physically conduct the game.  If such a

     cooperative plan is not feasible, the unit may allocate specific

     events to specific clubs, distributing them in such a way that every

     club desiring to participate may sponsor or co-sponsor at least one

     unit championship event annually.  PRECAUTIONS MUST BE TAKEN TO INSURE

     THAT NO ONE CLUB IS TREATED EITHER MORE OR LESS FAVORABLY THAN ITS

     COMPETITORS.

 

     IV. STAFFING

     The unit should employ a club or higher rated director to run a unit

     game.  A playing director is permitted at unit championships that do

     not have combined site overall awards.

 

     V.  SCORING

     Scoring by ACBLscore computer program is preferable but not mandatory.

     Traveling scores or pickup slips may be used.

 

     VI. MASTERPOINT AWARDS

     Overall and section masterpoint awards for unit championships are

     black points and are 85% of a sectionally rated event.  ACBL issues

     all masterpoint awards for these events.


 

 

                                                       CHAPTER.5 (PAGE 3)

                                                       __________________

     As soon as possible after the event is played, but no later than 48

     hours afterward, the director must report the results on the form

     provided.  He or she must list the names, player numbers, and place of

     finish of all participants entitled to overall or session awards.

 

     For information purposes only, masterpoint award charts appear on the

     Open Pairs Report form.  When championships are held simultaneously at

     different sites, ACBL issues overall and section awards separately for

     each site.

 

     VII. SYSTEMS AND CONVENTIONS

     The units must allow unit championship participants to use all

     conventions shown on the General Convention Chart.  If other

     conventions are to be allowed, this information must be advertised

     prior to the event.

 

     VIII.PRIZES AND TROPHIES

     No cash prizes may be awarded at unit championships.  However,

     merchandise, prize certificates, and ACBL scrip may be awarded.

 

     SECTION TWO: UNIT CHARITY GAMES

     ACBL allocates to each unit up to four sessions of sectional-rated

     charity events per year.  The units may operate these events as

     single-session or multiple-session games.

 

     I.  TYPES OF EVENTS

     Units may hold any type of event that can be completed during the

     allotted sessions.  In general, one or two-session open pairs or

     two-session Swiss teams attract the most participants.

 

     II. BENEFICIARIES

     A unit must conduct its first charity event of the year on behalf of

     the ACBL Charity Foundation or the Canadian Bridge Federation (CBF)

     Charitable Fund.  Also it may conduct its second unit charity event on

     behalf of one of these two beneficiaries or on behalf of a local IRS

     approved tax exempt charitable organization.  The unit must hold two

     of the first three charity games for the ACBL Charity Foundation or

     the CBF charitable Fund.  The number of sessions a unit holds per year

     on behalf of local charities cannot exceed the number it holds for the

     ACBL Charity Foundation or the CBF Charitable Fund.  The unit may

     conduct a fifth charity game for the benefit of the local chapter of

     the ACBL-designated charity of the year.

 

     All events that units conduct on behalf of ACBL's Charity program

     carry full sectional rating (SEE Chapter 8).

 

     III. SANCTION APPLICATIONS

     Units must submit sanction applications for charity events on ACBL

     Form No. CH 5 and must submit them to ACBL well in advance.  The units

     must specify beneficiaries on the sanction applications.

 

     IV. CHARITABLE DONATIONS

     There are no sanction fees for events that units conduct on behalf of

     the ACBL Charity Foundation or the CBF Charitable Fund.  There is a

     minimum charitable contribution per table per session.


 

 

                                                       CHAPTER.5 (PAGE 4)

                                                       __________________

 

     ACBL charges a sanction fee per table for events conducted on behalf

     of local (IRS-approved or Revenue Canada-approved) tax exempt

     charitable organizations.

 

     SECTION THREE: ANNUAL EXTENDED TEAM GAMES

     In order to foster International Matchpoint (IMP) play, ACBL grants

     each unit the right to hold one or more annual sectional-rated,

     extended round-robin or knockout team-of-four events in addition to

     the 16 sessions of unit championships.  ACBL sanctions additional

     extended team events based on unit membership (SEE Table 5.1 below),

     if the events run for three or more sessions.

 

     I.  MASTERPOINT AWARDS

     An IMP event awards sectional-rated black points when the event is

     truly extended (no fewer than three sessions of 24 or more boards

     each).  Otherwise, the event carries only unit championship rating.

 

     II. SANCTION APPLICATION AND FEES

     To apply for a sanction for an annual IMP game, the unit must use ACBL

     Form No.505 U/SE, which it must file with ACBL at least 45 days in

     advance of the event.

 

     There is a per table per session sanction fee which must be remitted

     with the tournament report.

 

     III. CONDITIONS OF CONTEST

     Units must submit proposed conditions of contest to ACBL for approval

     together with the sanction application.

 

                                   Table 5.1 

                         Number of IMP team sanctions

                         allowed based on unit membership.

                         Membership     Number of Sanctions

                         0-1500                1

                         1501-3000             2

                         3001-4500             3

                         4501 and up           4

 

     SECTION FOUR: UNIT-WIDE CHAMPIONSHIPS

     A unit-wide championship is a game with unit championship rating held

     simultaneously at three or more locations within the unit area, with a

     minimum of five tables at each site.  Two or more units may combine to

     hold a unit-wide game, also at three or more locations but within the

     joint area of both units.  This game is to be deducted from the

     unit-wide championship allocation of each unit (SEE I. below).

 

     I.  NUMBER OF ALLOCATED CHAMPIONSHIPS

     A unit with 200 to 399 members is entitled to hold one unit-wide

     championship annually.  A unit with 400 to 599 members may hold two

     unit wide championships, and so on, up to seven unit-wide

     championships, one for each additional 200 members, per its fall

     roster of the preceding year.  If a unit holds more than one unit-wide

     championship during the year, it may schedule them on the same or

     different days of the week.


 

 

                                                       CHAPTER.5 (PAGE 5)

                                                       __________________

     II. SANCTION APPLICATIONS

     A unit must submit the sanction application for a unit-wide

     championship (ACBL Form No. 505 U/SE) at least 60 days prior to the

     event and must specify on the application the number of games sites it

     intends to use.

 

     III. UNIT-WIDE CHAMPIONSHIP PLANNING AND COORDINATION

     The unit supervises all preparations for unit-wide championships.  It

     must provide for the staff to run the championship and must furnish

     the necessary computer-dealt hands (provided by the ACBL Club

     Membership Department) and other supplies.  The unit should arrange

     for the game sites to be in clubs.  In every respect, the quality of

     the game must meet unit standards.  The unit determines overall

     ranking and reports the results to ACBL.

 

     All clubs within the unit area are eligible to participate in

     unit-wide championships that are scheduled on sessions for which the

     clubs are sanctioned if they meet the following criteria: (1)

     anticipate having at least five tables, and (2) conform to all ACBL

     regulations.

 

     IV. REPORTS AND SANCTION FEES

     The unit receives, collates, and forwards to ACBL complete reports

     from all game sites along with appropriate fees.  The reports and fees

     must be forwarded as soon as possible after conclusion of the game;

     they must be postmarked within ten days of the date on which the game

     was held.

 

     V.  COMPUTER-DEALT HANDS

     Units must use computer-dealt hands purchased from or authorized for

     use by ACBL for all play in unit-wide tournaments.  This ensures that

     the hands used are randomly produced under strict security conditions.

     All sites use identical hands.

 

     VI. MASTERPOINT AWARDS

     In unit-wide championships ACBL issues all masterpoint awards.  ACBL

     bases these awards on the total number of tables played throughout the

     unit.  Section awards vary according to the number of tables in play

     in each section.

 

     Each site director must list on the tournament report form the names,

     player numbers, and scores of all session winners and possible overall

     winners.  The site director must then mail the completed form to the

     unit-designated chairman within 48 hours of the conclusion of the

     game.

 

     VII. TECHNICAL REGULATIONS

     Generally, the same ACBL regulations apply to unit-wide championships

     that apply to other types of unit championships.  If there are any

     differences, ACBL notes them and sends that information to the units

     along with the sanctions for the games.


 

 

                                                       CHAPTER.5 (PAGE 6)

                                                       __________________

     SECTION FIVE: ACBL-WIDE EVENTS

     ACBL-wide events are one-session game that have a sectional open pair

     rating.  Most of these games utilize computer generated hands.  When

     computer generated hands are used, they are played simultaneously at

     numerous sites through the entire ACBL territory.  Non-participating

     bridge experts study these hands (but do not alter them) and predict

     the probable results from playing them.  ACBL publishes these

     predictions and the analyses on which they are based.  This

     information is available to all contestants on completion of the game.

     The two ACBL-wide Charity games and three International Fund games are

     week-long events with one day during the week utilizing computer

     generated hands.  A club may hold one game during the designated week

     on any one of their sanctioned sessions.  All open games receive

     sectionally rated masterpoints.

 

     I.  TYPES OF GAMES

     Currently there are eight ACBL-wide games per year, most of which are

     held at club sites.

 

      A. INTERNATIONAL FUND GAMES

      Three ACBL-wide week-long events are conducted to benefit the ACBL

      International Fund.  The first of these ends on the Saturday

      afternoon of Super Bowl weekend.  If these games are run by a club

      (or clubs) in a unit, the unit may not schedule any other bridge

      event at the same time, except a sectional or regional.  Another week

      ends simultaneously with the International Fund game held at the

      Summer NABC.  The last of these weeks is conducted (also usually at

      clubs before July 1.  The proceeds of the International Fund games

      help defray the expenses of players who represent their countries in

      international competitions.

 

      The game directors must submit the tournament reports to the ACBL

      Accounting Department within 48 hours of the conclusion of the games.

      United States sites must include the donations with the reports.

      Canadian sites must send the donations to the CBF representative.

 

      B. CHARITY GAMES

      Two ACBL-wide week-long events are conducted to benefit charity and

      end with the Spring and Fall NABCs.  They are separate and distinct

      from unit charity championships.  Conducting an ACBL-wide charity

      game does not qualify a unit or club to run a charity championship

      for a local beneficiary.  However, the ACBL-wide game does fulfill

      the club's obligation to hold a charity game for the ACBL Charity

      Foundation.

 

      All charitable donations and the tournament reports must be sent to

      the ACBL Charity Department within 48 hours of the conclusion of the

      games.  Proceeds from Canadian games are forwarded by ACBL to the

      Canadian Charitable Fund.  Proceeds from all other ACBL-wide charity

      games go to the ACBL Charity Foundation.


 

 

                                                       CHAPTER.5 (PAGE 7)

                                                       __________________

      C. SPECIAL GAMES

      Three other ACBL-wide special events are held each year: the Senior

      Pairs game in February, the World-Wide Pairs game in June, and the

      ACBL Instant Matchpoint game in September.  ACBL allocates all three

      of these events to the clubs.  Additional information on these

      special events is available from the ACBL Special Events Department.

 

     II. SANCTIONS

     The ACBL Charity Department processes and approves sanctions for

     ACBL-wide charity and International Fund games.  On approval, this

     department sends instructions for operating ACBL-wide games to the

     officials listed on the sanction applications.

 

     A club need not be sanctioned for the night of an ACBL-wide game in

     order to participate, but if it is not, it must obtain approval of the

     application from a unit official.  ACBL will approve sanction

     applications for clubs already sanctioned to operate at the time the

     ACBL-wide games are scheduled, unless the clubs are delinquent in the

     submission of ACBL reports.

 

      A. GAME CONDUCTED BY THE UNIT

      When no local club is holding a special game, the unit itself may

      conduct the game.  The unit must apply for the sanction.

 

      B. JOINT SPONSORSHIP BY TWO OR MORE CLUBS

      In the members' interest, a unit may request that two or more clubs

      jointly sponsor an ACBL-wide event.  However, no club may be forced

      to cooperate in such a joint venture.  When joint sponsorship is

      undertaken, the unit must obtain the sanction and is responsible for

      forwarding the receipts and tournament report to the ACBL office.

 

     III. GAME REGULATIONS

      A. GAME SECURITY

      HAND RECORDS: In addition to full instructions and a copy of the game

      regulations, the director receives copies of the hands to be played.

      The copies are enclosed in a sealed envelope, which must remain

      sealed until game time.  At game time the director opens the envelope

      in the presence of a witness who verifies that the envelope was not

      previously opened and that it was opened at game time.

 

      HAND ANALYSES: A second sealed envelope contains the hand analyses.

      This envelope is plainly marked and must remain sealed until the

      conclusion of the game.  A witness must verify this opening.

 

      B. DIRECTOR

      The ACBL-wide game must be conducted by a club or higher-rated

      non-playing director.  A playing director is allowed for games of one

      section with 17 or fewer tables.

 

      C. NUMBER OF TABLES

      For the participants to be eligible for district and ACBL-wide

      recognition, at least five full tables must be in play.


 

 

                                                       CHAPTER.5 (PAGE 8)

                                                       __________________

      D. HALF TABLES

      To help avoid half tables, each game should have a stand-by pair

      available.  If necessary this stand-by pair may play free, but ACBL

      permits only one such free entry.  It allows half-table games if the

      sponsoring club or unit submits a copy of the recap sheet with the

      report.

 

      E. DONATIONS

      ACBL requires a minimum donation per player to the appropriate ACBL

      Fund for whose benefit the ACBL-wide game is held.

 

      F. NEWCOMER SECTIONS

      A novice section (a newcomer is a player with 20 or fewer

      masterpoints) may be run in conjunction with open or invitational

      sections or as an independent section.  Awards for newcomers are 40

      percent of those issued in the open game.  In newcomer sections of at

      least five tables, participants are eligible for district and

      ACBL-wide recognition.  Other regulations, including minimum

      donations, are the same as they are for open games.

 

      G. INVITATIONAL SECTIONS

      Invitational sections may be conducted independently or in

      conjunction with the open sections in ACBL-wide games.  Awards for

      invitational sections are 80% of sectional rating.  In invitational

      sections of at least five tables, participants are eligible for

      district and ACBL-wide recognition.  Other regulations, including

      minimum donations, are the same as they are for open games.

 

      H. MASTERPOINT AWARDS

      ACBL issues all masterpoint awards in accordance with the sectional

      formula for open pairs.  It bases the awards on the class of the game

      and the number of tables in which the participants played.

 

      The game director must complete the report forms and return them to

      ACBL.  He or she must include on the report form the scores and

      player numbers for all ranked pairs as well as the percentage score

      for the two highest ranking pairs.

 

     IV. NON-PARTICIPATING CLUBS

     A non-participating club may operate its regular club masterpoint

     game, even if an ACBL-wide game is being held elsewhere in its area.

     However, a club championship or a higher-rated game may not be

     scheduled for the same time as an ACBL-wide game being held within a

     25-mile radius of that club.

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