- An ACBL objective based on vigorous efforts to ensure equity in Bridge. A
primary objective of the ACBL is to instill in all players the concept that
vigorous efforts should be made to provide equity in bridge. Every player should
take pains to make sure that the opponents have in no way been harmed through
incomplete or misleading information as to the meaning of conventional calls and
treatments. An aggressive approach along these lines on the part of each and
every individual will ensure that bridge remains a game that everyone can enjoy.
bridge players do everything they can within the scope of the game to defeat
their opponent at the bridge table while making that experience an otherwise
enjoyable one for them.
objective of the ACBL is to
C ontinue the concerted effort begun at
T he Fall, 1986 Atlanta NABC to try to
I nstill in all players the concept that
V igorous efforts should be made to insure
E quity and enjoyment are benchmarks of Bridge.
E very player
should strive to make sure
T hat opponents have in no way been
H armed through incomplete or misleading
I nformation as to the meanings of his pair's
C onventional calls and treatments.
A n aggressive approach along these
L ines on the part of each and every
I ndividual will do much to make sure
T hat Bridge remains the game that
Y ou enjoy so much.
of active ethics tells us that winners should be determined solely by skill,
flair and normal playing luck. Actively ethical partnerships take pains to
ensure that their opponents are fully informed.
A major tenet of
active ethics is the principle of full disclosure. This means that all
information available to your partnership must be made available to your
Let's take a
look at weak two bids from the point of view of full disclosure. When an
established partnership opens a weak two bid, they have a great deal of
information of which their opponents are not aware. The convention card
discloses the point range, but little else. However, the partners are aware of
the range of hands on which the bid can be made (discipline?, suit quality
requirements?, five-or-seven card suits allowed?, side four-card major ok?, void
ok?, positional variations?, etc). Full disclosure requires that all these
inferences, restrictions and tendencies be made known to any opponent who
inquires about their style.
If you are
interested in knowing these things about your opponent's bid, merely say to the
bidder's partner, "Would you tell me more about your style?" You may use the
style inquiry' to ask about any call your opponent makes.
ethical player will often go beyond what is technically required in volunteering
information to the opponents. Quite often, the declaring side in an actively
ethical partnership will volunteer such information before the opening lead is
made. (But remember, when there has been misinformation given, such as a failure
to alert or a mis-alert, there is a LEGAL obligation on the player whose partner
misinformed the opponents. He, the bidder, must give the opponents the correct
information at the end of the auction if his side is the declaring side or at
the end of the play if his side is defending.)
New players or
infrequent partnerships usually will not have understandings about the items
discussed here and , of course, it will be perfectly proper for them to reply
"We have no agreement as to style."
enables players to compete on equal terms. In addition, the actively ethical
player contributes to the enjoyment of all players by continuously striving to
maintain a courteous attitude toward both his opponents and his partner and by
avoiding any behavior that would make anyone uncomfortable. These social
attributes are VITAL to the game of bridge and duplicate bridge.
finish on time can do a great deal to chase players away from the game and is
extremely distressing to waiting players. Bridge is a timed event. If a pair
takes more than their share of the allotted time for each round, they are
inconveniencing their fellow competitors as well as gaining an unfair advantage
over them. When a pair has fallen behind it is incumbent on them to make up the
time lost as quickly as possible whether at fault or not.
ethical player makes a concerted effort to catch up when they have fallen
behind, regardless of the reason for their lateness. All players are expected to
develop this good habit.
play is subject to penalty, and the penalties are well earned when slow pairs
disrupt the normal progression of the game.
players should be available to start each subsequent round promptly, avoiding
wherever possible, being late to a table for non-bridge reasons.
discretion of the TD, slow play penalties will be deemed to be either
disciplinary (and unappealable) or procedural. If the latter, appeals committees
should tend strongly to reject all routine appeals against slow play penalties.
When they do deny such an appeal, they should consider imposing an additional
penalty for a frivolous appeal. The burden is on the appellant to demonstrate
that some unusual circumstance makes the penalty inappropriate.
version of the Laws of Duplicate Contract Bridge defines a convention as a call
that, by partnership agreement, conveys a meaning other than willingness to play
in the denomination named (or in the last denomination named), or high-card
strength or length (three cards or more) there.
All ACBL events
are "governed" by the appropriate convention chart which lists those conventions
permitted in the event. Conventions not included on the chart are not permitted
in the event.
Part of the
"right" to use a convention is the responsibility of deciding when it applies in
probable auctions. The opponents may be entitled to redress if you did not
originally have a clear understanding with your partner of when and how to use a
convention you are playing.
For example, a
partnership that chooses to play conventional bids over opponents notrump
opening bids is expected to have discussed at least the following:
Does it apply
over strong notrumps?
Does it apply
over weak notrumps?
Does it apply
in the direct seat?
Does it apply
in the balancing chair?
Does it apply
when used by a passed hand?
occasionally encounter situations where we are not sure what partner's bidding
means. There exists an added responsibility if that uncertainty arises from a
convention you and your partner have agreed to play. In these situations, you
should tell your opponents all you know. Sometimes, the director will even ask
you or your partner to step away from the table so that the opponents can talk
openly with the remaining player.
players do everything possible in these situations to bring their opponents back
to even terms -- to remove any possible disadvantage accruing to them from their
side's failure to have a complete conventional understanding.
Also see Law