BridgeHands

Google BridgeHands

 HOME  Encyclopedia  Newsletter  Laws  Products  Services  Reviews  Tournaments  Blog  Training  Practice   HELP
 You are at:

       Help

ACBL Handbook: Clubs
Chapter 4: Part 2 - page 17-32


Go to:  Index   Part 1 - page 1-16     Part 3 - page 33-51
 

 This document is provided courtesy of the
American Contract Bridge League

2990 Airways Blvd. S Memphis TN 381163847
9013325586
S Fax 9013987754

NOTE: to view the latest revision of the handbook go to ACBL
TABLE OF CONTENTS FOR CHAPTER 4 and 5 OF THE HANDBOOK  JANUARY 2000
INDEX FOR HANDBOOK CHAPTER 4 AND 5  JANUARY 2000

     CHAPTER.4           THE CLUB SANCTIONED BRIDGE GAME

     V.   GAME MOVEMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.4 pg.16&17

          A. Pair Movements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CHAPTER.4 pg.17

             1. Mitchell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.17

             2. Howell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.17

          B. Individual Movements. . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.17

             1. Rainbow. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.17

             2. Shomate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.17

          C. Team Movements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.17

     SECTION THREE: GENERAL CLUB GAME REGULATIONS. . . CHAPTER.4 pg.17&18

     I.   MASTERPOINTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.18

          A. Net Points. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CHAPTER.4 pg.18

          B. Black Points. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.18

          C. Silver Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.18

          D. Red Points. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.18

          E. Gold Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.18

          F. Platinum Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CHAPTER.4 pg.18

     II.  INCENTIVE PROGRAM FOR CLUBS. . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.18

          A. New Member Recruitment. . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.18

          B. Newcomer Game Incentives. . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.18

          C. Club Highlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.19

          D. Reduced Price Memberships and Rates . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.19

          E. Cooperative Advertising Program . . . . . . .CHAPTER.4 pg.19

     III. GAME DIRECTOR. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.19

          A. Club Director . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.4 pg.19&20

          B. Non-playing Director. . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.20

     IV.  OPERATION OF CLUB GAMES. . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.20

          A. Systems and Conventions . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.4 pg.20&21

          B. Seeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.21

          C. Margin for Ranking Finishers. . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.21

          D. Cash Prizes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.21

          E. Cancellation of a Regular Session . . . . . .CHAPTER.4 pg.22

          F. Club Records. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.22

          G. Club Discipline . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.4 pg.22&23

          H. Disabled ACBL Members . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.23

          I. Participation in Club Activities. . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.23

     V.   OTHER CLUB INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.24

          A. Information for Travelers . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.24

          B. Insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.24

          C. Club Supplies and Director Manuals. . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.24

 

     SECTION FOUR: CLUB MASTERPOINT AWARDS . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.24

     I.   CALCULATING THE AWARDS . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.24

          A. Open Game Awards. . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.24

          B. Invitational - Restricted Game Awards . . CHAPTER.4 pg.24&25

          C. Newcomer Game Awards. . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.25

          D. Bridge Plus Game Awards . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.25

          E. Awards for Tied Positions . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.25

          F. Overall Awards for Club Games with

             two or More Sections. . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.4 pg.25&26

             1. Pair awards. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.26

             2. Handicap games . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.26

             3. Class uniformity . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.26

             4. Number of positions. . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.26
 

          G. Series Games for Clubs. . . . . . . . . . . .CHAPTER.4 pg.26

          H. Board-A-Match and Knockout Teams. . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.26

     II.  ISSUING THE AWARDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.27

          A. Computerized Scoring. . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.27

          B. Non-Computerized Scoring. . . . . . . . . . .CHAPTER.4 pg.27

 

     SECTION FIVE: CLASSIFICATION OF PLAYERS . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.27

     I.   HONOR TITLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER.4 pg.27&28

     II.  WALLET CARDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.28

     III. MASTERPOINT RACES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.29

 

     SECTION SIX: CLUB CHAMPIONSHIPS AND SPECIAL EVENTS. .CHAPTER.4 pg.29

     I.   ALLOCATION OF CLUB CHAMPIONSHIP GAME SESSIONS

          A. Weekly Clubs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.29

          B. Non-weekly Clubs. . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.29

     II.  SCHEDULING CLUB CHAMPIONSHIPS. . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.29

          A. Calendar Quarters Scheduling. . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.29

          B. Playing Site Changes. . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.30

          C. Playing Time Changes. . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.30

          D. Two-Session Club Championships. . . . . . . .CHAPTER.4 pg.30

          E. Regular Game With Different Club

             Championship Time . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.30

          F. Schedule Conflicts. . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.30

          G. Back-to-Back Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.31

     III. TYPES OF EVENTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CHAPTER.4 pg.31

     IV.  SEEDING. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.31

     V.   AWARDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.31

          A. Awards to Members, New Members

             or Non-Members by ACBL. . . . . . . . .   CHAPTER.4 pg.31&32

          B. Computation of Club Championship Awards . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.32

             1. Fields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CHAPTER.4 pg.32


 CHAPTER.4 (PAGE 17)

                                                ___________________
 

     V.  GAME MOVEMENTS

     A movement is the method of progression during the game, indicating the

     seat to be occupied and the boards to be played by each player at each

     round. (For further information on movements, please contact the ACBL

     Club Membership Department.)

 

      A. PAIR MOVEMENTS

      A club may conduct pair games of any legal size (two-and-one-half or

      more tables) using either Howell or Mitchell movements  When 14 or more

      tables are in play, it is permissible to split the game into two

      sections, with each section containing at least seven tables.

      (Duplicated boards are desirable but not mandatory.)

 

      The most commonly used pair movements are:

 

      MITCHELL: This movement keeps the pairs in two groups, N-S and E-W, with

      the aim of having all N-S pairs meeting all E-W pairs and playing all

      the boards.  Typically the boards move one table lower and the players

      one table higher each round.  There is a winner for each section for

      both the N-S and E-W pairs with the highest score.

 

      HOWELL: This movement produces one winner from a field in which all

      pairs play each of the boards in play, with comparison in direct

      competition with other pairs on approximately half of the boards, and

      adverse comparison on the other boards.

 

      B. INDIVIDUAL MOVEMENTS

      A club may run individual games (two or more tables) with either Rainbow

      or Shomate movements:

 

      RAINBOW: This is a movement in which contestants are divided into groups

      corresponding to their original starting directions, with separate

      instructions for progressing to each group.

 

      SHOMATE: This movement (also called an irregular rainbow) does not keep

      the players in a particular group, thus allowing comparison across the

      field.


 

 

                                                       CHAPTER.4 (PAGE 18)

                                                       ___________________

      C. TEAM MOVEMENTS

      A board-a-match team game can be run with a regular board-a-match

      movement, a Mirror movement, or any other approved movement.  (SEE

      CHAPTER.4, Section Seven for information on team events and team

      movements.)

 

     SECTION THREE: GENERAL CLUB GAME REGULATIONS

     I. MASTERPOINTS

     The sanctioned duplicate game awards masterpoints to approximately 40% of

     the contestants in each session.  The number of masterpoints the game

     awards depends on the number of tables in play and the conditions under

     which the club conducts the game.  The club must send to ACBL a monthly

     Club Masterpoint Report and ACBL issues these points directly to the

     player.  A club's failure to issue the certificates or submit the report

     can result in the suspension or loss of its sanction.

 

     Masterpoints won in club games are as important as those won in any type

     of tournament.  All masterpoints carry about the same weight in the ACBL

     ranking system.

 

     The level of competition of events in which masterpoints are won is

     denoted by four color variations: black, silver, red, and gold.

 

      A. NET POINTS

      Netpoints are awarded for online play and are colorless.

      B. BLACK POINTS

      Masterpoints won in events not qualifying for red, silver, or gold are

      black points.  Sanctioned club games and Unit games award black points.

      C. SILVER POINTS

      Silver points are awarded for events at sectional tournaments, including

      newcomer games and side events.  Progressive Sectionals and Sectional

      Tournaments at Clubs also award silver points (SEE Chapter 6).

      D. RED POINTS

      Regional tournaments and regional events at NABCS award red points

      except for overall and section tops (SEE Gold Points below).  Grand

      National Teams (GNT) EVENTS and North American Pairs (NAP) events afford

      players the opportunity to earn red points at their local clubs (SEE

      Chapter 6).

      E. GOLD POINTS

      Gold points are awarded for overall placings and section tops in

      regional and NABC events where the top masterpoint limit is at least

      750.  Gold points may be given for special games, such as the Instant

      Matchpoint Game, Grand National Team and North American Pair events (SEE

      Chapter 6).

      F. PLATINUM POINTS

      Platinum points are awarded for NABC+ events and included the

      national-rated senior and women's events with no upper masterpoint limit

      but not the junior, flight B, or other restricted events.


 

 

                                                       CHAPTER.4 (PAGE 19)

                                                       ___________________

     II. INCENTIVE PROGRAMS FOR CLUBS

      A. NEW MEMBER RECRUITMENT

      Clubs can earn an upgraded club championship (sectional rated black

      points) by recruiting 10 new members.  The 10 new members need not be

      recruited within any specific time period (for example, you could

      recruit three new members in 1996, four in 1997 and three more in 1998).

      The club manager will be notified when the club has recruited 10 new

      members and will be sent a report form for this game.  Payment will be

      made on the monthly report at the same rate as regular club games.

      Points will be issued by ACBL.

 

      A maximum of two upgraded club championship games per session may be

      held in one calendar year.

 

      B. NEWCOMER GAME INCENTIVES

      Clubs holding newcomer games (an upper masterpoint limit of not more

      than 20) at the same time as an open, invitational or restricted game

      may include the newcomer game tables when computing awards for the open,

      masterpoint restricted or invitational game.

 

      If a club chooses to run a flighted game, tables in any restricted

      sections count toward club masterpoint awards for any unrestricted

      section in play at that club during that session, (subject to the usual

      restriction for a rating point game, that the maximum awarded shall be

      1.50).  If there are two or more unrestricted sections, they shall share

      the credit for any other tables equally.

 

      C. CLUB HIGHLIGHTS

      ACBL is always interested in passing along helpful hints on club

      operations.  If you have a program you believe would be useful for other

      clubs, send the idea(s) to us and we will consider publishing it in the

      BRIDGE BULLETIN.

 

      D. REDUCED PRICE MEMBERSHIP AND RATES

      Club officials can offer a reduced price one-year membership to new

      members.  If an applicant is found to have been a member previously, the

      membership fee will be pro-rated over a 6-month membership.

 

      In addition, the club officials submitting the application and fee will

      be eligible for the rebate on each reduced price membership.  If this

      member renews for the full price before expiration of the grace period

      at the end of the reduced price membership, the club official will be

      eligible for a second rebate.  A third rebate is earned if the player

      renews for another years.  A $50 gift certificate for the ACBL store

      will be earned for every 25 new members recruited by the club official

      in a calendar year.  Only club officials submitting their Social

      Security number or Tax Identification number with the application will

      be eligible for rebates and certificates.


 

 

                                                       CHAPTER.4 (PAGE 20)

                                                       ___________________

      E. COOPERATIVE ADVERTISING PROGRAM

      ACBL will subsidize teachers, clubs and units who wish to use

      advertising to recruit students for bridge lessons or to promote the

      game.  This subsidy will be 50% of the cost of the advertising program

      up to a maximum of $250 per program per calendar year.  Eligible media

      are radio, television, newspapers, magazines, direct mail, outdoor,

      yellow pages, flyers, handbills and statement stuffers.  Contact the

      ACBL Membership Assistance Department for further information.

 

     III. GAME DIRECTOR

     The person who actually conducts the games in a club is the director.

     The director can be the club owner, the club manager, an employee of the

     club, or an independent director hired for the sole purpose of directing

     the game.  It is advantageous to a club to have a director who is known

     and respected by the patrons.

 

     All club games must be directed by Club or higher rated directors.  ACBL

     regulations permit the use of a different director for every session.

 

      A. CLUB DIRECTOR

      To become a Club director one must pass a written examination.  A

      prospective director who wishes to take the examination must contact

      ACBL.  ACBL then sends the examination to an appointed monitor for

      administration.  To take the examination, the examinee must pay a fee to

      the monitor.  The monitor retains a portion of the fee and sends the

      remainder to ACBL along with the completed examination.

 

      While taking the test, the examinee may use any written material

      available.  Examinees should have the LAWS OF DUPLICATE CONTRACT BRIDGE,

      the ACBL HANDBOOK OF RULES AND REGULATIONS, and a good director's manual

      at hand during the examination.

 

      Study packets are available through the ACBL Sales Department.  You may

      order and charge these on your credit card by calling 1-800-264-2743 in

      the U.S. and 1-800-264-8786 in Canada.  The packet contains sample

      questions and other information pertinent to the exam.

 

      On completion, the monitor returns the test to the ACBL Club Membership

      Department for grading.  Please allow at least 14 days for grading the

      examination.  ACBL sends cards to those who pass the examination.

      Applicants failing the exam are notified by letter of areas to study to

      prepare for retaking the exam.

 

      B. NON-PLAYING DIRECTOR

      It is preferable for a game to have a non-playing director.  A

      non-playing director can give more objective rulings concerning disputes

      and infractions of bridge laws and regulations than one who is

      personally involved in the session.  Even when no rulings are called

      for, the non-playing director can give more attention to maintaining the

      quality of the game.  Some special games require a non-playing Club or

      higher rated director.


 

 

                                                       CHAPTER.4 (PAGE 21)

                                                       ___________________

 

      Non-playing directors are encouraged but not required for games having

      not more than one section of 17 tables or less for the following special

      events held at clubs or units: ACBL-wide International Fund Games,

      ACBL-wide Charity Games, Junior Fund Games, Senior Pairs, World-wide

      Pairs, ACBL-wide Instant Matchpoint Games, Membership Games, NABC Fund

      Raisers, GNT Fund Raisers, Club Appreciation Games, Sectional Tournament

      at Clubs (STaC) games, the Canadian Olympiad, the COPC, the CNTC, the

      North American Open Pair Club and Unit Qualifying stages, the North

      American 49er Pairs the Grand National Team (GNT) Club and Unit

      Qualifying stages, Unit Championships and Unit Charity Championships.

 

     IV. OPERATION OF CLUB GAMES

     ACBL grants a club game sanction on the condition that the club conduct

     all game sessions in full compliance with ACBL regulations.  These

     regulations help maintain the technical level of all games and ensure

     that masterpoints are issued under approximately equal conditions

     everywhere.  To retain a sanction, the sanction holder and the club

     manager must observe both the letter and the spirit of ACBL regulations.

     However, the regulations that follow are not meant to be restrictive.

     Within the limits they establish, there is ample room for the development

     of innovative, imaginative programs and services for club patrons.

 

      A. SYSTEMS AND CONVENTIONS

      ACBL retains the right to approve or disapprove any bidding or defensive

      carding (lead or discard signal) convention for general use in

      ACBL-sanctioned games.  In exercising this right, ACBL has established

      convention charts that list conventions permitted in games having

      varying degrees of difficulty (SEE Appendix A).

 

      A club manager can bar or allow specific conventions and can bar certain

      conventions in newcomer games but allow them in open games.  The types

      of events for which this applies are club masterpoint games, club

      championships, club charity events, ACBL-wide events, unit

      championships, unit charity events, district charity events, and the

      first level of play in the North American Pairs event.  The Alert

      procedure and the skip bid announcement are procedures used in

      tournaments and are optional (and strongly encouraged) in club games.

 

      When masterpoints are awarded for overall positions in several

      locations, such as unit-wide games, STaCs, etc., all conventions in the

      ACBL General Convention Chart must be allowed unless the conditions of

      contest specify otherwise.  Use of the Alert procedure is mandatory, and

      the rules that govern skip bid announcements are applicable.

 

      Occasionally special games, such as the GNT event, may be held in clubs.

      In such a case the club manager must check the conditions of contest to

      be sure to conduct the game in conformity with the rules.


 

 

                                                       CHAPTER.4 (PAGE 22)

                                                       ___________________

 

      ACBL recommends that clubs which are inclined to permit patrons to test

      new or little known conventions or systems restrict such testing to one

      of several scheduled game sessions.  If experience indicates that the

      majority of the club players welcome this policy, it can be extended

      easily to other sessions.  In any case, players must have the approval

      of the director before using any convention not specifically authorized.

      ACBL recommends that each club post a list of approved conventions in a

      conspicuous place on its premises.

 

      B. SEEDING

      Seeding means specifically seating strong pairs (or weak pairs) in a

      manner relative to the movement, so that every contestant plays against

      a group of opponents of approximately the same strength.  In a

      one-section event, both directions should be balanced.  In a

      multi-section event, all fields should be balanced.  In two-session

      events, the balance should be maintained for both sessions.

 

      If there is an active effort to seat all strong pairs in one direction

      and the weak pairs in the other, the session must be classified as an

      invitational/restricted game.  Further, if all strong pairs are seated

      in one section and all weak pairs in another, the strong section

      qualifies as open, and the other section becomes

      restricted/invitational.

 

      Seeding is not mandatory for any regular masterpoint games.  All seating

      may be random by luck of the draw or on a first-come, first-served

      basis.

 

      C. MARGIN FOR RANKING FINISHERS

      Score adjustments, carryovers and raw scores will be rounded to two

      decimal places, with .01 constituting a margin of separation for ranking

      and masterpoints.  Any margin between contestants will be sufficient

      separation for purposes of qualification.

 

      D. CASH PRIZES

      Many clubs consider the club masterpoints awarded to winners as

      sufficient prizes.  However, some clubs award free plays to future club

      events to winning players.  A few clubs award suitable prizes such as

      ACBL scrip, trophies, or cash.  When masterpoints are awarded, cash

      prizes are not subject to any restrictions.

 

      E. CANCELLATION OF A REGULAR GAME SESSION

      Clubs must hold regularly sanctioned game sessions as provided on its

      approved application.  A club may not change a regularly sanctioned game

      session to a different day or time, even temporarily, without prior ACBL

      approval.

 

      A club may cancel a regularly scheduled game session because of:

 

      - Unusual weather such as a snowstorm, hurricane, or tornado alert

      - A conflict with a higher rated event (optional - not required)

      - Holidays such as Memorial Day, Independence Day, Thanksgiving, New

        Year's Day, and Christmas and other religious holidays

      - Not enough tables for a legal game


 

 

                                                       CHAPTER.4 (PAGE 22)

                                                       ___________________

 

      - In Canada, Mexico, and Bermuda, all statutory holidays, as well as

        local, provincial, and national holidays

 

      There are no game or table fees for sessions canceled for an approved

      reason.  The club must note the reason for a cancellation on the Monthly

      Report Form.  A club may not make up canceled games.

 

      F. CLUB RECORDS

      The club must post recap sheets for each game no later than the next

      session of that game.  Travelers, if used, must be available for player

      review through the next session of that game.  The club must retain the

      recap sheets for at least three months.  For club championships, the

      club must retain the recap sheets for at least six months.  A club

      should retain game records or copies of the report for special events

      until the players receive the appropriate awards from ACBL.

 

      G. CLUB DISCIPLINE

      Club management should deal promptly and fairly with all cases of

      improper conduct that occur during an ACBL-sanctioned masterpoint game

      in the club, including cases of unethical practices.  The club manager

      should either handle these situations personally or establish a standing

      committee to review all disciplinary problems.  Clubs holding

      non-sanctioned games may deal with problems arising in these games as

      they see fit.

 

      The club manager can handle many behavior problems by discussing them

      with the offenders, by issuing a warning, or declaring a period of

      probation.  In extreme cases or cases of repeat offenses, the manager

      can bar the player from the club game for a stipulated period of time,

      or permanently.

 

      To bar a player, club management must notify the player in writing and

      send a copy of the notification to the ACBL Club Membership Department.

      The notification must include the player's name and player number and

      the reason for the barring.

 

      An open club game cannot bar players as a class or because of their

      religion, political affiliation, race, national origin, physical

      handicap, sexual orientation or proficiency at bridge.  Club management

      can exclude an incompatible partnership as a pair while allowing each to

      play with other partners.

 

      Unless a player's ACBL membership has been suspended or terminated by a

      unit, a district, or ACBL, a club cannot bar a player from participating

      in Grand National Teams or North American Pair events.  It also cannot

      bar a player from other clubs, sectional tournaments held at the club,

      unit or district competitions, such as unit championships, charity

      games, IMP games, and unit-or district-wide championships, even when

      these games are played in a club that has barred the player from normal

      club activities.  Neither can the club place partnership restrictions on

      such players for these events unless the unit, district, or ACBL first

      imposes them.


 

 

                                                       CHAPTER.4 (PAGE 24)

                                                       ___________________

 

      An open club can bar players from its regular club masterpoint games,

      membership games, ACBL-wide games, club championships, charity and

      international fund club championships, and other special events

      specifically allocated to clubs as outlined above.

 

      Tact is necessary when notifying a player that he or she is barred from

      an open game.  It is not necessary that the player be brought before a

      committee or be granted a public hearing.  The player should be told

      privately by the club management and should be given the reason for the

      exclusion.

 

      If the player feels that his or her barring does not comply with these

      regulations prohibiting barring players as a class, their religious or

      political affiliations, race, national origin, physical disability, or

      their bridge proficiency, he or she may appeal the barring sequentially

      to the unit board, the district, and the ACBL Board of Directors.  Until

      the appeal is lodged and heard, the player remains barred unless

      reinstated by the club.

 

      H. DISABLED ACBL MEMBERS

      An ACBL-sanctioned club game should make every reasonable effort to

      enable a physically disabled member to participate.  The overriding

      philosophy is to accommodate the handicapped individual as long as such

      accommodation does not unreasonably disadvantage a substantial portion

      of the other players affected.  The club should allow such players to

      use special equipment, such as card holders, bidding boxes, special

      playing cards (contact the ACBL Tournament Department for the approval

      policy for special playing cards), etc.  The club should also

      accommodate such an individual when the handicap requires special

      seating such as a stationary position.

 

      I. PARTICIPATION IN CLUB ACTIVITIES

      To stimulate participation, a club may require that players participate

      in a specified number of previously held club masterpoint sessions to be

      eligible to play in its club championships.  The participation

      requirement must be fully publicized in advance.  A club may not impose

      participation requirements on events that have a sectional or higher

      rating; for example GNT, NAP, or ACBL-wide events.  A club may not

      impose this requirement on events sanctioned to units, even though the

      games may be played in the club.

 

      Visitors may be allowed to play in club championships without having met

      the participation requirement.  The term visitor is defined by the

      governing body of the club and must be properly publicized.

 

     V.  OTHER CLUB INFORMATION

      A. INFORMATION FOR TRAVELERS

      ACBL members who intend to travel to other cities and want to play

      bridge in those locations can contact ACBL by telephone (901-332-5586

      ext. 223) to get information for specific areas.  There is also a

      listing (updated monthly) of bridge clubs on the ACBL home page on the

      internet <http://www.acbl.org>.


 

 

                                                       CHAPTER.4 (PAGE 25)

                                                       ___________________

      B. INSURANCE

      Liability insurance is available for a fee to a club holding sanctioned

      games.  Contact the ACBL Club Membership department for more

      information.

 

      C. CLUB SUPPLIES AND DIRECTOR MANUALS

      The ACBL Sales Department sells the supplies necessary for all types of

      tournaments and club games.  A sales catalog is mailed each year to

      every club with their packet of supplies.  Call 1-800-264-2743 (U.S.) or

      1-800-264-8786 (Canada) for further information.

 

     SECTION FOUR: CLUB MASTERPOINT AWARDS

     The size or denomination of a masterpoint award is determined by a

     formula that takes into account the level of competition and the number

     of tables.  The club manager or the manager's authorized designee either

     sends monthly Club Masterpoint Reports to ACBL for members who have won

     masterpoint awards.

 

     I.  CALCULATING THE AWARDS

     Section awards for all games (open, invitational, restricted and

     newcomer) are based on the number of pairs, teams or individuals in each

     group.  For example, an 8-table Mitchell movement is two groups of 8

     pairs.  A 5-table Howell movement is one group of 10 pairs.  In a

     Mitchell movement, a 1/2 table will be treated as though it were a full

     table.  For example, 7 1/2 tables would be 8 pairs in each group while a

     5 1/2 table Howell is 11 pairs in the comparison group.  Depth of awards

     is 40% times the number of pairs in the comparison group, rounded to the

     nearest whole number with .5 rounded up.  For overall awards 1/2 table is

     counted as a full table.

 

      A. OPEN GAME AWARDS

      Open games (SEE CHAPTER.4, Section Two-I.) award .10 MP per table for

      first place in each group.  The second place award is 70% of 1st, third

      is 50% of 1st, fourth is 35%, fifth is 1/5 and sixth is 1/6, etc.  This

      applies to all open sections for pair, and individual games.  Maximum

      award is 1.50 masterpoints. (SEE Files MPPAIRS)

 

      B. INVITATIONAL - RESTRICTED AWARDS

      Invitational clubs (SEE CHAPTER.4, Section Two-II.) award .08

      masterpoint per pair for first place in each group.  Other placements

      are based on the same percentages as for Open clubs.  The maximum award

      is 1.20 masterpoints.  The same awards are used for men's/women's,

      mixed, pro-am and senior games in both Open and Invitational clubs.

 

      Awards for first place (per pair) in masterpoint restricted games are as

      follows:             Ranges between

                                    0 -  20 MP =  .05

                                    0 - 100 MP =  .06

                                    0 - 200 MP =  .07

                0 - to any masterpoint restriction greater than 200 = .08

 

      Stratified pairs may be conducted with two or three strata.  The lowest

      stratum may have any upper masterpoint limitation suitable for a club.

      The lowest stratum must have at least five pairs. (SEE File MPPAIRS)


 

 

                                                       CHAPTER.4 (PAGE 26)

                                                       ___________________

      C. NEWCOMER GAME AWARDS

      First place section awards for Newcomer games per pair in each group

      are:

                                     Ranges between

                                     0 -  5 = .03

                                     0 - 10 = .04

                                     0 - 20 = .05

 

      Other placements are based on the same percentages as for Open clubs.

      The maximum award is 1.00 masterpoint.  (SEE Files MPPAIRS, MPSWISS AND

      MPKOS.)

 

      D. BRIDGE PLUS GAME AWARDS

      Award .03 per pair for first place.  Other placements are based on the

      same percentages as for Open clubs.  Maximum Award is .50 masterpoint.

      (SEE File MPPAIRS.)

 

      E. AWARDS FOR TIED POSITIONS

      When two pairs tie for the same position, the appropriate individual

      masterpoint awards are determined by adding the masterpoints for that

      position and the next lower position; the members of each pair then

      receive half of that total.  If three pairs tie for a position, the

      masterpoints for that position and the next two lower positions are

      added, and the members of each pair receive one-third of that total.  In

      the unlikely event that four or more pairs tie for the same position,

      this mathematical procedure continues to the appropriate level to

      determine the masterpoint awards for the members of each pair.

 

      When there is a two-way tie for the last position awarding masterpoints,

      the next lower award is calculated.  This is added to the last place

      award, and the sum is divided between the two pairs.

 

      F. OVERALL AWARDS FOR CLUB GAMES WITH TWO OR MORE SECTIONS

      Club games with more than one section may issue overall awards comparing

      all the sections.  Awards may not exceed 1.50 for Open clubs, 1.20 for

      Invitational clubs and 1.00 for Newcomer clubs.  Second place would be

      75% of first, third 75% of second, etc. through a maximum of six places.

 

     For example, for an open club:

                                   Section A =  9 tables

                                   Section B = 10 tables

                  19 x .10  = 1.90 reduced to 1.50 for first place

 

                            2nd place = 75% of 1.50 = 1.13

                            3rd place = 75% of 1.13 =  .84

                            4th place = 75% of  .84 =  .63

 

      PAIR AWARDS: Pairs receive their section awards or the overall award,

      whichever is greater, but not both.  For example, a pair whose section

      award was 0.50 and whose overall award was 0.65 would be credited with

      0.65 masterpoints.


 

 

                                                       CHAPTER.4 (PAGE 27)

                                                       ___________________

      HANDICAP GAMES: Pair and maximum award regulations also apply to

      handicap games.  An exception would occur if a pair earns only a section

      award in the raw score computation and earns an overall award in the

      handicap score.  In this case the two would be added together.

 

      CLASS UNIFORMITY: Pair and maximum award regulations apply only when

      both sections are of the same class.

 

      NUMBER OF POSITIONS: Overall awards may not exceed six positions.

 

      G. SERIES GAMES FOR CLUBS

      For Series games in clubs, four or more game sessions are required.  The

      masterpoint bonus to the winning player shall equal .02 times the number

      of tables in play for all games in which he or she participated.  This

      bonus cannot exceed 1.5 masterpoints for an open game or 1.2

      masterpoints for an invitational game.  Second place earns 75% of the

      award for first and third place earns 75% of the second place award.

      Clubs may use their own methodology for determining winners.

 

      Examples are:

         a.  The number of masterpoints earned at the series games

         b.  The best percentage score for all series games

         c.  Award 4,3,2,1 for 1st through 4th place scores for each game and

             total such awards for the series to determine the winning

             individuals

 

      The club manager may specify a minimum number of game sessions played to

      be eligible.

 

      Clubs may wish to consider a proviso that eligibility requires

      participation with a minimum of two or more different partners.

 

      H. BOARD-A-MATCH AND KNOCKOUT TEAMS

      Awards for board-a-match teams are 110% of awards for pair games.

      Awards for knockout teams with three or more sessions can be found in

      the file MPKOS.  All match awards should be issued from the match award

      charts. (SEE File MPKOS.)

 

     II. ISSUING THE AWARDS

     ACBL issues all masterpoint awards to ACBL members.  Clubs must report

     masterpoints won by its players on a monthly basis.  Clubs using

     ACBLscore can report the masterpoints to ACBL electronically, while clubs

     not using ACBLscore must send their results to ACBL on the masterpoint

     report form.

 

     Masterpoint receipts should be given to new players who are not members

     of ACBL and never have been, and to anyone else requesting them on a

     monthly basis.


 

 

                                                       CHAPTER.4 (PAGE 28)

                                                       ___________________

      A. COMPUTERIZED SCORING

      For scoring club games and maintaining financial and masterpoint

      records, clubs (and units) can use ACBLscore, a software program

      available from the ACBL Club Membership Department.  This program can

      score any type of pair, individual, or team movement and perform all the

      computations necessary for running a duplicate game.  For example,

      ACBLscore can keep track of games, game sizes, and masterpoints won by

      individuals over any period of time.  It can print mailing labels and

      produce a report (printout or diskette) of all ACBL members who have won

      masterpoints in the club in any given month.

 

      To use ACBLscore, a club must have an IBM-compatible computer with a

      hard drive and a minimum of 640k RAM and a track-feed printer.

 

      B. NON-COMPUTERIZED SCORING

      Clubs not using ACBLscore must track the masterpoints won by their

      players and report them to ACBL on a monthly basis.  ACBL provides these

      clubs with masterpoint reporting forms and club masterpoint receipts.

 

     SECTION FIVE: CLASSIFICATION OF PLAYERS

     ACBL's masterpoint plan appeals to members because it permits members to

     know their approximate overall ranking relative to that of every other

     member.  Although a complete listing of the large number of ACBL members

     is impractical, the honor titles that members earn as they achieve

     various plateaus of masterpoint holdings serve as close approximations of

     their overall standing.  Lists of the top players in some categories and

     masterpoint races are published in THE BRIDGE BULLETIN each year.

 

     I.  HONOR TITLES

     The honor titles and the masterpoints players must acquire to gain them

     are:

 

     -  ROOKIE-an ACBL member who has fewer than 5 full masterpoints recorded

        by the ACBL.

     -  JUNIOR MASTER-a member who has at least 5 but fewer than 20

        masterpoints recorded by ACBL.  A Junior Master is eligible for most

        newcomer events.

     -  CLUB MASTER-a member who has at least 20 but fewer than 50 masterpoints

        recorded by ACBL.

     -  SECTIONAL MASTER-a member who has at least 50 but fewer than 100

        master-points recorded by ACBL, of which 5 must be silver.

     -  REGIONAL MASTER-a member who has at least 100 masterpoints recorded by

        ACBL, of which 15 must be silver and 5 must be red or gold.

     -  NABC MASTER-a member who has at least 200 masterpoints recorded by

        ACBL, of which 50 must be pigmented, with at least 5 gold, 15 red or

        gold, and 25 silver.

     -  LIFE MASTER-a member who has 300 or more masterpoints recorded by the

        ACBL, of which 100 must be pigmented, with 50 silver, 25 gold, and 25

        red or gold.  A member who held no red masterpoints or fraction thereof

        prior to January 1, 1969, is required to possess at least 50 red and

        gold masterpoints, of which at least 25 must be gold.  Any new member

        or player in an inactive status for six months or more after January 1,

        1999 will be required to earn 50 black points to become a Life Master.


 

 

                                                       CHAPTER.4 (PAGE 29)

                                                       ___________________

 

     -  GOLDEN AGE MASTER-a member who is age 70 or older and has at least 300

        masterpoints of any color recorded by ACBL, or a member who is at least

        80 years old and has at least 100 masterpoints of any color recorded by

        ACBL.  On application to ACBL, an eligible member will be designated

        Golden Age Master and sent an appropriate certificate and wallet card.

     -  BRONZE LIFE MASTER-a Life Master who has at least 500 masterpoints

        recorded by ACBL.

     -  SILVER LIFE MASTER-a Life Master who has at least 1,000 masterpoints

        recorded by ACBL.

     -  GOLD LIFE MASTER-a Life Master who has at least 2,500 masterpoints

        recorded by ACBL.

     -  DIAMOND LIFE MASTER-a Life Master who has at least 5,000 masterpoints

        recorded by ACBL.

     -  GRAND LIFE MASTER-a Life Master who has at least 10,000 masterpoints

        and has won a North American Bridge Championship with no upper

        masterpoint restriction or an Open Team Trials or its equivalent or a

        Women's Team Trials or its equivalent or any of the following WBF

        events: Bermuda Bowl, Venice Cup, Rosenblum Cup, McConnell Cup, Open

        Pairs, Women's Pairs, Olympiad, Women's Team Olympiad, Mixed Pairs

        prior to 1990 or Mixed Teams prior to 1990.

 

     II. WALLET CARDS

     When members graduate from the rank of Rookie and are entitled to the

     honor title of Junior Master, they receive appropriate wallet cards from

     ACBL.  The cards identify players as ACBL members with sufficient skill

     and experience to be titled Junior Master.  Junior Master players may use

     this title as long as they are members in good standing or until they

     earn the right to a higher ranking title.

 

     When members who have earned the rank of Junior Master advance to the

     next plateau, they again receive wallet cards designating their new

     status.  Golden Age Master wallet cards are sent when requested by a

     district, unit, or club official.

 

     This step-by-step recognition continues until the members receive the

     title of Life Master.  Then ACBL awards them Gold Cards (gold colored),

     which announce that they are Life Masters of the American Contract Bridge

     League.  ACBL also sends these members Life Master Certificates.

 

     III. MASTERPOINT RACES

     ACBL gives official recognition to the winner(s) of the most masterpoints

     in a calendar year by members in several different categories.  These

     masterpoint races include the ACE OF CLUBS, where recognition is given to

     players through the rank of Grand Life master who earn the most

     masterpoints in club games, and the MINI-MCKENNEY, where players in each

     masterpoint category who win the most masterpoints are recognized.  ACBL

     also keeps a record of the MINI-MCKENNEY winners for each unit.

 

     SENIOR PLAYER OF THE YEAR, YOUTH PLAYER OF THE YEAR, JUNIOR PLAYER OF THE

     YEAR, SECTIONAL PLAYER OF THE YEAR, CHAMPIONSHIP PLAYER OF THE YEAR,

     BARRY CRANE TOP 500, and ANNUAL TOP 100 for each of the Bronze, Silver,

     and Gold Life Master categories are the other masterpoint races

     recognized by ACBL.


 

 

                                                       CHAPTER.4 (PAGE 30)

                                                       ___________________

     SECTION SIX: CLUB CHAMPIONSHIPS AND SPECIAL EVENTS

     Every club that conducts its sanctioned games in full compliance with

     ACBL regulations is entitled to a number of annual club championship

     games.  The number of such games depends on the number of regular games

     the club holds.

 

     When a club conducts two or more levels of play at the same time (for

     example, open and newcomer games), it must conduct its club championships

     for all levels simultaneously.

 

     I.  ALLOCATION OF CLUB CHAMPIONSHIP GAME SESSIONS

      A. WEEKLY CLUBS

      Each regularly scheduled weekly game is entitled to four club

      championship sessions per year.  These may be scheduled as four

      one-session club championships, two one-session championships and one

      two-session championship, or two two-session championships (SEE

      CHAPTER.4, Section Six-II.C and Six-II.D).

 

      B. NON-WEEKLY CLUBS

      A regularly scheduled club game held at a frequency other than weekly is

      entitled to one session with club championship rating for each 12

      meetings of its regular game.  In all other respects, ACBL regulations

      for the use of the club championship sessions by non-weekly games are

      the same as they are for weekly games.

 

     II. SCHEDULING CLUB CHAMPIONSHIPS

     When scheduling club championships a club must comply with a number of

     ACBL regulations.

 

      A. CALENDAR QUARTERS SCHEDULING

      A club must hold each of the four club championship sessions for one

      weekly game during a different calendar quarter of the year, except for

      an event it conducts in two sessions.  A club may not carry over a club

      championship from one year to the next for the purpose of conducting a

      two-session event (SEE D. following).

 

      B. PLAYING SITE CHANGES

      A club may change the playing site of a club championship session from

      that of its regular game to accommodate increased attendance or the

      serving of refreshments.  To change the site the club must obtain prior

      written approval from the unit that has jurisdiction over the area in

      which the championship is to be held.

 

      C. PLAYING TIME CHANGES

      Once a year a club may hold a one or two-session club championship at a

      time other than that of the game it represents.  To do so, the club must

      obtain written permission from all other clubs holding sanctioned games

      within a 25-mile radius that hold games on that day of the week.


 

 

                                                       CHAPTER.4 (PAGE 31)

                                                       ___________________

      D. TWO-SESSION CLUB CHAMPIONSHIPS

      Conducting a two-session club championship uses two of the four

      quarterly club championships allocated for the year, whether they are

      played in two consecutive sessions in different quarters (last session

      of the quarter and first session of the next quarter) or in one quarter

      (afternoon-evening play-through).  For example, a club game sanctioned

      for Saturday afternoon may operate a two-session club championship on

      two consecutive Saturday afternoons.  When the consecutive days fall in

      the same calendar quarter, the club must forgo a championship event in

      some other quarter.

 

      Once a year a club may schedule a two-session event on a day other than

      that for which it is sanctioned.  For example, a club sanctioned for a

      Wednesday session may conduct the two-session event on Saturday

      afternoon and evening.  The club must obtain written approval from all

      other Saturday clubs within a 25-mile radius, even if the club is itself

      sanctioned for either Saturday afternoon or Saturday evening.  The club

      must forgo a club championship event in another calendar quarter if it

      makes use of this option.

 

      If a club is sanctioned for Saturday afternoon and evening, it could

      hold a two session club championship all in one day.  One club

      championship session would be charged against each sanctioned game

      session.

 

      E. REGULAR GAME WITH DIFFERENT CLUB CHAMPIONSHIP TIME

      If a club holds its club championship on a day for which it is not

      sanctioned to hold its regular sessions, and it has the written

      permission of other clubs holding sessions at that time, it may still

      hold a club masterpoint game on its regular day.  The club must note the

      occurrence of both games on the Monthly Report Form, attach all written

      permissions to it, and submit appropriate payment with the form.

 

      F. SCHEDULE CONFLICTS

      A club may not conduct a club championship when a sectional or

      higher-rated event is in progress within 25 miles of the playing site.

      At its discretion, however, the club may hold its regularly scheduled

      club masterpoint games while a higher-rated event is taking place in the

      community (SEE CHAPTER.4, Section Four, IV.E for rules on allowable

      cancellation of club games).

 

      G. BACK-TO-BACK PLAN

      In areas in which two or more clubs are sanctioned to hold games

      simultaneously, attendance at some clubs may drop if one of the clubs

      stages a club championship.  To prevent this, the unit having

      jurisdiction may adopt and enforce a back-to-back plan, under which all

      clubs in the playing area holding games during the same session must

      schedule their club championships in direct competition with each other.

      Use of this plan is optional with the unit.

 

     III. TYPES OF EVENTS

     A club may conduct a club championship as any type of standard

     individual, pair, or team event.  An individual event can be run so that

     each compass direction is a distinct comparison group or can be run as an

     open individual (SEE Section Two-V).


 

 

                                                       CHAPTER.4 (PAGE 32)

                                                       ___________________

 

     Pair or team events can be run as regular open events (may be stratified

     or handicapped), or with the following gender, masterpoint, or age

     restrictions:

     -  MEN'S PAIRS/TEAMS-all participants must be male.

     -  WOMEN'S PAIRS/TEAMS-all participants must be female.

     -  MIXED PAIRS/TEAMS-all pairs must be composed of one male and one female

        player.

     -  UNMIXED PAIRS/TEAMS-all pairs/teams must contain either two male or two

        female players.

     -  MASTER PAIRS/TEAMS-at least one member of each pair/team must have a

        minimum number of masterpoints.

     -  NON-MASTER PAIRS/TEAMS-all players must have fewer than a specified

        number of masterpoints.

     -  JUNIOR PAIRS/TEAMS-all players must be under 26 years of age.

     -  SENIOR PAIRS/TEAMS-all players must be 55 years of age or older.

 

     IV. SEEDING

     Regular masterpoint games generally are not seeded, but all events with

     club championship or higher rating should be seeded.  For example, club

     charity championships, International Fund club championships, membership

     tournaments, ACBL-wide, district-wide, and unit-wide games should be

     seeded (SEE Section Three-IV,B).

 

     A club seeding committee or the game director usually seeds club

     championships, normally at the time the entries are sold.


Go to:  Index   Part 1 - page 1-16     Part 3 - page 33-51

HOME  Encyclopedia  Newsletter  Laws  Products  Services  Reviews  Tournaments  Blog  Training Practice Links HELP
Contacts: Sales  Support  Reviews  Q&A    Disclaimer    Privacy    2005 BridgeHands   Updated 01/22/11